Case Studies, Application Notes & Scientific Papers

This page is where you will find our latest application notes, case studies and some relevant Scientific papers, extracts and reports from journals covering all subjects related to electron microscopy.

A number of these include studies where Quorum Technologies’ products were used in electron microscopy preparation.

If you would like to recommend a scientific paper for us to list below, please email with a link or a PDF for us to view the document.

The influence of coating quality on SEM imaging of PVdF electrospinning fibres

The increasing amount of applications for nano-fibres, especially those produced in the electrospinning process, creates a need to image them in a way that allows users to examine not only their alignment and diameter, but also their discrete morphology.

Application note here

Glow discharge system for the preparation of TEM grids

Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) is a high-resolution imaging technique that provides information about the structure and morphology of specimens. It uses a high energy electron beam to penetrate samples and renders images using the transmitted part of the beam.

Application note here

Choosing the right backing pump for EM sample coating systems

For low-resolution imaging, a majority of the SEM samples can be sputtered or carbon-coated in the pressure range of 1 x 10−1 to 1 x 10−2 mbar. A higher vacuum lower than 1 x 10−3 mbar base pressure allows the sputtering of oxidizing metals.

Technical note here

Producing superior quality carbon films for EM sample preparation with the Q150V Plus

In carbon thin film applications the quality of carbon film production is key for successfully conducting complex experiments. Commonly, carbon coatings are used in sample preparation for TEM (ambient and cryo) imaging, EDS analysis and replicas.

Technical note here

Carbon thin film preparation for ambient and cryo-TEM grids using the Q150V Plus

The 2017 Nobel Prize in cryo-Transmitted Electron Microscopy highlighted the significance of direct observation of molecular world of the cell. Understanding the structure of bio-molecules as well as their changes over cell processes plays an important role in curing diseases and in drug discovery.

Application note here

Native architecture of the Chlamydomonas chloroplast revealed by in situ cryo-electron tomography

Chloroplast function is orchestrated by the organelle’s intricate architecture. By combining cryo-focused ion beam milling of vitreous Chlamydomonas cells with cryo-electron tomography, we acquired three-dimensional structures of the chloroplast in its native state within the cell.

Scientific paper here
Applied Nanoscience, doi:10.1007/s13204-016-0520-4

Cryo-SEM of polymers: Synthesis, characterisation, and in vitro cellular uptake kinetics of nanoprecipitated poly(2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine)-b-poly(2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate) (MPC-DPA) polymeric nanoparticle micelles for nanomedicine applications

Nanoscience offers the potential for great advances in medical technology and therapies in the form of nanomedicine. As such, developing controllable, predictable, and effective, nanoparticle-based therapeutic systems remains a significant challenge. Many polymerbased nanoparticle systems have been reported to date, but few harness materials with accepted biocompatibility.

Case study here

Cryo-focused Ion Beam Sample Preparation for Imaging Vitreous Cells by Cryo-electron Tomography

Cryo-electron tomography (CET) is a well-established technique for imaging cellular and molecular structures at sub-nanometer resolution. As the method is limited to samples that are thinner than 500 nm, suitable sample preparation is required to attain CET data from larger cell volumes.

Scientific paper here

Site specific Preparation of Intact Solid-Liquid Interfaces by Label-Free In Situ Localisation and Cryo-Focused Ion Beam Lift-Out

Scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) allows atomic scale characterization of solid-solid interfaces, but has seen limited applications to to solid-liquid interfaces due to the volatility of liquids in the microscope vacuum.

Scientific paper here


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